Turberas

Uncategorized, Conservation

What are peatlands and why are they important to the ecosystem?

They are wetlands of local and global importance. They have the ability to regulate and contain large amounts of water, which has a direct impact on local socio-ecological conditions. In Estancia Bahía Esperanza there is a total of 86 hectares of peat bogs.

Peat bogs are a type of wetland where dead organic matter -that comes from plants adapted to live in places flooded with water, with low oxygen and few nutrients- is progressively produced and accumulated. On their surface they have a layer of biologically active plants. One of the most prominent plants is the sphagnum moss (pompom), which retains moisture and increases the acidity of the environment. This acidity, combined with the low availability of oxygen, inhibits the survival of various organisms, including many of the decomposers.

For this reason, dead matter progressively accumulates. This dead organic matter that accumulates is knon as peat.

They have an important role in our ecosystem, as they storage water and carbon.  Peat bogs cover a small fraction of the planet’s land surface and an important part of the peat bogs in the southern hemisphere are found in Patagonia.

Its formation is of glacial origin. The retreat of the glaciers left large masses of water. In them, lakes and lagoons without drainage were formed where the climatic conditions that allow the development of sphagnum mosses were given.

 

Where can we find them in Chile?

In Chile they are found between the Los Ríos Region and the Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica Region. In Estancia Bahía Esperanza there is a total of 86 hectares of peat bogs.

 

Get to know them and learn more about them at Estancia Bahía Esperanza!